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CSPAN
Jan 10, 2010 11:15pm EST
united states to nothing to prevent to the partition of the arab lands or those countries empires nor did american come to the assistance of the arab world when the united states returned after the second world war it was a dominant power to subordinate the middle east with priorities but with the election of barack obama united states seem to be on the threshold of a new era of positive and engagement and i have come here he told his audience to seek a new beginning between the united states and moslems around the world based upon mutual interest and mutual respect. he spoke of years of mistrust and of the needs to say openly of the things that we say in our hearts. there must be a sustained effort to listen to each other and learn from each other and to seek common ground. this language of mutual respect and understanding represented a total reversal of policies to the white house. gone was the language of the war on terror obamacare had requested staffers gone was the ambiguity over torture that had undermined americans' moral authority of human-rights from the very beginning of hi
CSPAN
Jan 11, 2010 1:00am EST
the last three decades. one was the discovery in the united states initially and later canada, australia, united kingdom, and thousands of nazi war criminal -- criminals had emigrated posed as innocent refugees and allowed to enter and build their lives for themselves. one was the fact ad is the stage at this point* not much was not about the very important role the collaborators had played in the implementation of the final solution. the other was the soviet union and the fall of communism that opened brand new possibilities. i actually want to start with something else that is the basis for our efforts to bring out these two just is. i would summarize for the following points. it is interesting these questions are also asked 35 years ago. not now we're for relating the principles because the suspects are in their eighties. even with suspects in the '50s and '60s, 35 years ago the question was asked this is worthwhile? should they be put on trial? so many years have passed since the crime has been committed. i answer that, first, the passage of time in no way diminishes the g
CSPAN
Jan 16, 2010 11:00am EST
united states. the u.s. government has already announced that the mexican cartels have people in 240 cities in the united states. in other words all american cities by the drug trade is controlled by mexican drug cartels and then there are associates, this all the trucks to american gangs were other dealers might be white, black or mexican that the drug cartels have people to deliver the drugs in every part of the united states including hawaii, alaska, idaho where i'm from and puerto rico. doesn't matter. as i was amazed how pervasive the drug cartels work and el paso especially to realize my neighbors and people i knew really well of a sudden told me they were involved in the drug trade, just the extent of it is tremendous. as far as law enforcement side of what i was surprised by bus i would go to parties and meet people at the border patrol agents or the dea or something like that how often they would tell me basically they didn't agree with [alarm sounding] on drugs policy. they said look, we are losing this war. it's not a war any way because it isn't is all but battleground wi
CSPAN
Jan 17, 2010 8:00pm EST
any other nation in the united states. there are more is really nasdaq companies than japanese, than canadian and british and german than anything. it's extraordinary. capitalism hasn't been shown to fail. capitalism has been shown to work and here in the united states there is a tremendous amount of self pity this of course encouraged by the victimhood. one of the things on my radio show is the michael medved show where we are proud to say every day i am not a victim the idea of american victimhood suggests our standard of living and difficulties in our choices it's much lower. we can't live the kind of lives our parents live and it's getting worse and everyone has heard this. it is nonsense. robert wright. heritage in this building has some terrific work on this and i quote him extensively in the book. if you actually look at any meaningful measure of living standards in the united states the progress under the capitalist america particularly since 1980 has been dazzling, unprecedented. the options available to people, the extended life expectancy and for college we are now a
CSPAN
Jan 18, 2010 7:00am EST
any other nation in the united states. there are more israeli nasdaq companies in japanese, than canadian, than british, then german, then anything. it's extraordinary. capitalism has not been shown to fail. capitalism has been shown to work, and here in the united states there is a tremendous amount of self-pity that is encouraged by the victim. one of the things in my ratio is it's the michael medved show where we're proud to say everyday i am not a victim, the idea of american victimhood suggest that our standard of living and our difficulties and our choices, it's all much lower, we can't live the kind of lives that our parents live and it's getting worse. everyone has heard this. it is nonsense. now, robert rector rodger at heritage writer in the building has done terrific work on this and i quote him extensively in the book. if you actually look at any meaningful measure of living standards in the united states, the progress under capless american, particularly since 1980, has been dazzling, has been unprecedented. the options that are available to people, the extended life
CSPAN
Jan 2, 2010 2:15pm EST
century library, which i think it's one of the architectural models of the united states and everybody should come here to see it. and i'm delighted to be back here again. now this book, which is a big fat book can be used as a doorstop if you decide not to read it. it will work that way. the title of the book comes in the statement of jefferson. he referred to the united states, jefferson being the most expansive mind and president in history. he referred to the united states and he was president as an empire of liberty, a different kind of empire is what he saw. indeed, as i said, had great visions for the growth of this united states. i've introduced this book with a little brief description of rip van winkle's -- washington irving story, rip van winkle, which i think captures some of the extraordinary changes that took place in this. in 1789 and 1815. in fact, from the revolution to the second decade of the 19th century. irving, who was conservative and conservative sensibilities, wrote the short story which i think is his most famous short story, most of you are familiar
CSPAN
Jan 31, 2010 10:45am EST
history because i feel that's the people of the united states at that moment when george bush got up before the microphone and said we must go to war than 11 took place, a terrorist act took place, and therefore we must go to work against afghanistan, while one if people are listening move history they would not immediately rushed as most americans did at that point. 80 percent of americans rushed to say yes. progress, of course, rush to say yes because that's the job of congress to say yes. whenever the president wants to go to war. and if people do some history there would not be that rush to support a work, there would not be bad acceptance of the idea we are going to war to fight terrorism. there would not be an acceptance of the idea we're going to war to bring democracy. >> , bring democracy to the whole middle east. because the people if they use of history they would know of the instances in the american past when presidents have come before the public and said, as president pulled did in 1846, with back to go into mexico to spread civilization for the mexicans were as mckinl
CSPAN
Jan 30, 2010 11:30am EST
world, the united states's perspective on relations with the muslim world and where do we go from here with the muslim world? for much of the past decade since the events of 9/11 we talked a lot about the muslim world. in our media it has become part of the language of our politics. it matters a lot to us. thinking often is the united states or the muslim world are not on the right path -- not on the same page. we fought a lot about how to fix that relationship and particularly think about writing those things that are not going right. that context, that worries us more than the question of extremism. the perception that the muslim world thinks too much about conservative ideas and too permissive towards extremism and this is something that will be addressed for policy consent. much of that is quite true. extremism is an issue of paramount concern. it is a foreign policy consideration. it is the major focus of u.s. foreign policy and to that extent it is also the way in which many americans view the muslim world. but there's also a tendency that it becomes too all consuming. it becomes
CSPAN
Jan 25, 2010 6:30am EST
to overtake that of the united states in 2027 at 4:00 in the afternoon on the 25th of december. but i wonder what you're telling us about china employs anything more than that. in other words, it's not clear that your civilization state with its tradition of tributary relations with its neighbors and yes, maybe some african countries today, have an aspiration to rule the world. could you tell us if there is, in fact, some prospect of that? that doesn't seem to be in the tradition you're describing. and therefore, why worry? >> well, i think you put your finger on a very important distinction between the chinese tradition and the western tradition. they do share, they both are civilizations which have a strong sense of university. unlike japan for example, which it never did have a. but the way that's expressed is very different. whereas the century the european tradition sought to project it at the time across the world, and i suppose the colonial tradition was the most dramatic illustration of this, the chinese tradition have to do that. and by and large, except on the territory as
CSPAN
Jan 31, 2010 12:30am EST
history of the united states was the nine months that the bush administration was in power prior to 9/11. when they began to put into practice many of the things that they had promised to do in these republican party platform in the year 2000. there also many other documents we looked at. we believe that even in the digitized age there are still plenty of documents there for people to look at and it is not really a good idea to try to write the history based on your ideology or your liberal leaning for your non-liberal bleeding or anything like that. go back to the documents and interviewed people. you might take a look at what actually happened and then try to get a sense. we have, run and i have been pleased with many of the recuse of the book which have basically said republicans don't get off easy in the democrats don't get off easy because that is not particularly our objective but our objective is to look at the material, try to evaluate them, understand is that war that was going on as a grand umbrella for what it is and then get into the details, it get into the week. most people
CSPAN
Jan 16, 2010 10:00am EST
division at the united states department of justice when 9/11 happened. and among the things people are talking about, prosecuting the war on terror or how to keep the homeland safe, one of my colleagues from the criminal division was having conversation to me, and he said you're never going to believe what they're talking about upstairs in a brainstorming session. i said okay, i brace myself and said let me know. he said somebody throughout the idea of the naturalizing naturalized arab-american citizens. i said, that is crazy. once upon a time, when i was a teenager that was a fantasy to send my parents back to syria and i would've been the first to turn the men. but that didn't really seem particular kosher. of course it wasn't without historical precedent that in world war ii we had turned our japanese-american population. and it didn't happen because it's illegal and the united states has a role of interment. but it kept sword coming back to this idea, and why are they talking about arab-americans in this way. dearborn is an exception but in the national american imagination and con
CSPAN
Jan 3, 2010 8:00am EST
united states a cap and trade system. that process is moving forward in ways that if you had talked about it just two to three months ago, would have seemed impossible. so i'm actually -- this is obama -- so i'm actually more optimistic than i was about america being able to take leadership on the issue, joining europe which over the last several years has been ahead of us on this issue. and he was awarded a nobel peace prize. after years of politicians refusing to take action on cutting greenhouse gas emissions, there is a positive shift in washington. there is legislation moving through the senate now that you just heard about and that we hope will get passed in time for the big be international meeting in copenhagen in december. in hopenhagen. [laughter] i love that. i am optimistic and more so now than ever before. this is the most important moral problem of our time, and i believe that with with your help and all of us working together that we are on our way to solving it. the political will is developing, and state by state the across the united states laws are being made to r
CSPAN
Jan 24, 2010 10:00am EST
different series of waystation, from thailand, kenya, guatemala and into the united states. these were hazardous journeys. in the introduction you heard some instance there was some 17000-mile journey. one of the ships i'm going to talk about, the golden venture, had been at sea for 120 days by the time the passengers got here. they had been in a hold of the ship for 120 days. that didn't mean anything to me. i didn't give it much thought. 300 people, in a space probably if we started at the shelf there and connected to the wall over there, would be smaller than this base. for 120 days, and i was trying to find historical analogues for other big wedges. i thought what about the mayflower? that came to plymouth with all the pilgrims. in 1620, how long were they a seat? they were at sea for 60 days. and the people on the golden venture for 120. the problem is some of the ships were not seaworthy, and sometimes they would overturn. people would go into debt to pay really enormous fees in order to come here to the united states. in the 1980s, you had to pay a snakehead was $18000. by the 1
CSPAN
Jan 10, 2010 7:00am EST
we not forget what was done by the united states at guantanamo, holding people in arbitrary detention and subjecting them to abuse for so long and all the lies and distortions that surround the prison. so we want to tell the truth and tell the stories both now and both -- and to preserve those stories for the future. in addition to the book, we have also set up an archive, the guantanamo bay detention archive in connection with nyu's tenement library and seaton hall law school and the book in a sense is a beginning and through the archive we're going to continue this important process of preserving, preserving the records of guantanamo, preserving the stories so that it will always be there and people will not be able to minimize, distort or alter the truth of what happened during these last eight years at guantanamo. finally, i want to say that in this day and age and especially in the area of counterterrorism, lawyers have been vilified. you have individuals like john uze who used the law for justifying torture and illegality and you have the story of the evil perpetrated under the
CSPAN
Jan 23, 2010 9:45am EST
that without nuclear weapons the united states and soviet union, and they got into a war, wouldn't have to worry about nuclear war. they would only have to worry about a war as big as world war ii. it seems to be if they did to it a deterrent that was plenty good. the world has been run since world war ii by either the same people or the intellectual heirs of the people who try to prevent world war ii from happening. because they thought it even worse than world war i, and they were right about that. it gave him no pleasure to find out that the idea that these people were there for casual stumble into a war that would be as bad or possibly worse than world war ii is just absurd it things under and seems to me that in addition, i do think that there has been -- there was one of two powers. one was substantially anti-status quo which is the communist side. however, they never, ever had the idea of advancing communist revolution through hitler a christian. they were anti-status quo in the sense they want to subvert conscious. they want to encourage class warfare, revolutionary civil war an
CSPAN
Jan 30, 2010 11:15pm EST
that he couldn't find a single publisher in the united states to pick out his book. there was not anyone who would touch it. i think people get the impression that as long as books like if i did it by o.j. simpson can get published, anything can get published and it is not the case so tonight we are here to celebrate something very very fortunate that books like this can be published. the power of governments cannot suppress can be published by amazing press is like city lights and me can hear the voice directly of some of the greatest statesmen living in the united states today, some of the greatest intellectuals and i am proud to introduce one of them now. please welcome howard zinn. [applause] >> thank you. thank you. thank you alex. and thank you however you are who applauded. [laughter] if you did not applaud, thanks anyway. alex is from back pages books, right here on monday street, and they are responsible for this and i want to thank them. i hope it doesn't mind my saying this, but they are a struggling little bookstore and they need support like all struggling little book
CSPAN
Jan 24, 2010 6:00pm EST
of the united states army, united states army, vice president of the united states. george herbert walker bush. my four years at fema were positive but organizationally challenging and i will quickly point out fema which i had were different than the fema you read about in katrina. when president bush took over in '89, his selected chief of staff john sununu who had previously made it clear he would not permit or tolerate me being the director of fema because we had several differences of opinion about a nuclear power plant being brought on line when he was the governor of new hampshire and he wanted me to cut corners and i refused to do that. because i was no longer a director of fema, president bush offered me another job the position of secretary of various affairs, the first one. and i was delighted with that opportunity. louise was not. as matter of fact she was unhappy about that. she was saying at the 11th hour president bush gave the job to a defeated member of congress from illinois who turned all to be a disaster himself. and by the way i would be remiss if i did not poin
CSPAN
Jan 18, 2010 1:00am EST
for the world's dictators but for the united states. it was a clear attempt to try -- officials attack you instead ignore you it is because they are scared of you. the white house attack on the group's credibility for me at that time was a clear affirmation of amnesty international's integrity and power. now, we are talking about the bush administration but it's important to note that this past wednesday president barack obama signed the national defense authorization act that in forces yet another attempt to conduct a commission trials. amnesty international and irene are once again pushing and changing the way that we see human rights. in a new campaign called demand dignity amnesty international is seeking to make poverty to human rights. irene argues that the poverty remains a global epidemic because it continues to be defined as an economic problem or and the aid and investment. why it's called the unheard truth poverty and human rights she says in powering the poor with basic rights for security and food and even health care as our only chance of a eradicating poverty. bef
CSPAN
Jan 10, 2010 10:00pm EST
the nasdaq than any other nation in the united states. there are more is really nasdaq companies and japanese come a canadian, british or german or anything. capitalism has not been shown to fail but to work. here in the united states there is a tremendous amount of self pity that is a encouraged by the victim would mentality. one of the things of my radio show michael medved every day we are proud to say i am not a victim. the idea of victimhood suggest this standard of living and the difficulties in choices are lower we cannot live the kind of lives are parents lived and everybody has heard this. it is nonsense. right here in the building we have done terrific work on this and i quote him extensively. if you look at any meaningful measure of living standards, the progress under capitalistic america has been dazzling and unprecedented. options available to people the extended life expectancy or opportunities for college rear at this stage where the majority of american young people in every ethnic group are pursuing some form of post high school graduation after they graduate fr
CSPAN
Jan 9, 2010 7:45pm EST
ringing in the united states and elsewhere and the vietnam war that was fought on the ground if the whole of the vietnam and communist, the rest would quickly follow. the so-called domino effect. as it happened the dominoes fell not in asia in the 1970's but eastern europe in 1989. we shouldn't forget either that thanks largely to the huge population of china, more than one-fifth of humanity still live under what may be regarded as communist rule. up until 1989 there were 16 communist states as i would define them. oddly there are 36 countries today which were at one time communist. that contradiction is to be explained by the fact the soviet union, one state broke up and became 15 states and czechoslovakia and yugoslavia also broke up so there'll be were 16 communist states but there were 36 countries that were communist and today there are five common is countries, china, vietnam, laos, north korea and cuba. the first three have been developing market economies on a substantial private sectors. the hybrid regimes, political economist economically not. china has been described as a
CSPAN
Jan 3, 2010 10:00am EST
-- illegal -- for a woman to be president of the united states? what is post-feminist about a society where our ads and television commercials are demeaning to women such as one for a very popular chain store that chose an adolescent girl lying on a target with a bull's eye right between her legs? what is post-feminist about a society with a subprime mortgage debacle fell with particular hardship on poor women and women of color? these were women who were struggling to have a piece of the american dream. some were single moms, some were elderly moms. and when they started out, their mortgage rates were rates that they could afford only to see them adjusted and adjusted and adjusted upward until they had to forfeit their homes. iowa knee that hill -- iowa ania hill who's a law professor at brandeis university, has just completed a study in which she found all women no matter what their background were charged more than men, even men in the same differently -- comparable, i should say, financial situations. what is post-feminist about a society where movies, g-rated movies, the
CSPAN
Jan 23, 2010 7:00pm EST
the united states. we have to get some money to buy those arms and munitions. we need at least $30 million immediately. one of his aides was to become one of my greatest friends. he really was a founder of the state of israel. he was not really very well-known. he was going to go to buy those arms and ammunitions but where would the money come from? ben gurion said i have to go to the united states and ask the jewish of america to give us the money. then a little voice came up bin said, david, there are so many things you can do here and there are so few things i can do. maybe i can go to the united states to ask for some money. golda had known the united states but she had not been there for several years, and one day in june, it was a freezing day she remembered. she arrived in new york and a summer dress that she had in tel aviv because she could not go back to our apartment in jerusalem because of the arabs cutting the roads. she arrived with a handbag and the customs officer at idyllwild it was called at that time, asked her, but how much money do
CSPAN
Jan 16, 2010 8:00am EST
dictators but for the united states and. it was a clear attempt to try to discredit this organization. i have followed washington politics long enough to know that when top officials attack you instead of ignoring you it is because they are scared of you. the white house's attack on the group's credibility for me at that time was a clear affirmation of amnesty international integrity and power. we are talking about look bush administration but it is important to note that president obama signed the national defense authorization act that endorses another attempt by the u.s. government to conduct military commission trial. amnesty international and irene khan are once again pushing and changing the way we see human rights. in a new campaign called demand dignity amnesty international is seeking to leave poverty caused to human-rights. irene khan argues that party remains a global epidemic because it continues to be defined as an economic problem that should be addressed in foreign aid and investment. in her new book "the unheard truth: poverty and human rights," she says a
CSPAN
Jan 1, 2010 10:30pm EST
forgotten about. from 1893 to 1918. when the united states went to war in germany in 1917, the largest ethnic group in the country at that time were germans and guess who also were their burgers? the germans. so, you had a whole ethnic group whose rights are basically pushed aside. suddenly there was this huge anti-german hysteria in the country and drinking beer, which is what most americans drink at that point suddenly looked literally on the asiatic area to the afl at that point. people thought we needed this year for the war and hence and went on to the states about people really even thinking about it very much. congress voted on a very quickly when i'm the states and all but two of the states ratified 18th amendment. the states were rhode island and connecticut. both states had very heavy catholic population, therefore, realize that prohibition was targeted at them because the temperance movement have a very strong nativist provident sentiments behind it. >> our next stop year is the striking brick church, calvary baptist church. >> the church itself was designed. starting the pe
CSPAN
Jan 30, 2010 8:00am EST
the united states" has sold over a million copies since it was published in 1980. howard zinn died of a heart attack in santa monica, california, wednesday, january 27. he was 87 years old. howard zinn was also guest on book tv's in depth program in september of 2002. you can wash it online at book tv.org. >> psychiatry professor jonathan metzi argues that the increased finding of the rates of schizophrenia in black men was fab crate indicated during the 1960's and 1970's to undermine the civil rights movement. the university of ann arbor hosts the talk. >> it's so nice and so wonderful for me to be able to start this whole process and start this release. the book just came out two days ago in this community, i owe so much gratitude and thanks to so many of the people in this room, ann herman and the women's studies department, carol and erwig, i'm also honored that two of the really excellent research associates and assistant that worked with me on the project, sarah and sasha are here, so it's really, really wonderful for me to start the project and start the public recognition f
CSPAN
Jan 2, 2010 11:30am EST
he came to the united states and became senator from alabama and he has authored a remarkable book, it is called "when hell was in session". which is about his experiences, all those many years when this vietnamese tried to break camp here, they tried to break every betty. and it was he, admiral denton, who when forced to appear in a propaganda film, he did two things. using his eyelids he blinked out the word torture and got the word out that they were being tortured, and he said that he didn't know what was going on because he was in prison and but what everett is the government said he believed it and he supported it and that turned him even more vicious abuse. so admiral denton, congratulations. on a life of service to your country. as far as i'm concerned was way above and beyond the call of duty. we really appreciated. i would like to talk to you about some of the things you have in the book here. >> let me first say, you've served our country in many many ways, business, fbi, cia, government, and that is fair to you in the magnitude and the versatility of your service. >> se
CSPAN
Jan 2, 2010 11:00pm EST
apply here. the case-shiller index, which looks set housing prices for the united states is available from 1890 annually. and a case-shiller index between the year 2000 and 2006 rose by more than it had in the preceding 100 years. something was bound to happen. and so, right now as we speak i am sure that there are new levels being created, not here, not yet come abutt snook bubbles are being created right now-- i don't know if you have heard this story but it has to be one of my favorites. it is, more money has been lost searching for euros than that the point of a gun. and, the search for yields right now with u.s. interest rates being close to zero, the search for yields is going into a marching markets right now as we speak, and so now it is conceivable that many of those countries will say no, this happens in the united states. it doesn't happen here. it is human nature. in mcewing this massive amount of data, one of the conclusions that we have come to is it is a very human to elusion if you will, that those rules don't apply to us. we don't see any exceptions to the rule. if yo
CSPAN
Jan 1, 2010 9:45pm EST
far from the united states. it's just on the other side of the caribbean sea. to get from there to columbia you cross the caribbean sea and the gulf and go up the east coast of the united states. but as it happens this was january and all kind of planes were delayed that might among them ovianca 052. here they were on a routine flight from columbia to new york. the captain of the plane was
CSPAN
Jan 16, 2010 9:00am EST
what foreign powers in the united states and afghanistan to improve the leaders of indigenous allies. the indigenous allies had severe leadership problems. this has often been ignored by senior officials in the united states. in vietnam after we entered the ground war in 1965 general westmoreland ignored the forces for several years and let them try to sort it out which is sort of nice in deference toward sovereignty. the reality was it allowed problems to fester. in iraq in the early years, they did not pay attention to the iraqis were choosing as police commanders with unfortunate results. smarter great power allies came up with the variety of genius ways to deal with this problem. some of them in afghanistan, i would emphasize the personal senior decisionmakers should have the greatest knowledge to look at the different officers in the past to look at what might work here. the highest risk and highest reward was the covert action to replace the chief of state. this worked sometimes. in vietnam it was a catastrophic failure. in 1963 we orchestrated the overview of south vietnam's p
CSPAN
Jan 17, 2010 8:00am EST
the united states in the early '80s for the soviets, it was actually a short reduction in arms, way below debating on how you count anywhere from 70 to 90 plus% below where we were in 1967. warheads got smaller as accuracies improved, etc. ironically, we are now seeing with iran and pakistan and north korea, the prospect of a world because of proliferation where you're going to have a whole bunch of countries who have these weapons, who already have them, but the proliferating them, at least north korea's case, where the iranians if they get it, there wasn't anybody over there doing that kind of thinking. and did you get in the mideast as a result of the iranian nuclear weapon, you could easily get saudi calling up islamabad saying would you guys like to sell if you? none of these countries i waited, both united states and russians the better part of 20 years to do, which was think through these things, learn from some experiences and with the cautions instinct of kennedy and khrushchev and khrushchev had to restrain castro who is ready for nuclear war even if his arms were up liter
CSPAN
Jan 17, 2010 4:00pm EST
means you cannot shoot them in the united states. people can shoot them in canada and in russia and england, but you can shoot them in america. you can't bring the carcass of the polar bear you shot them roust into the united states. i met someone in the united states was on this this very trip that i'm about to tell you about. we were on the ship in the background called cappy time and those of you who side with an russian icebreaker strand in the antarctic a couple of weeks ago was the sister ship of this one. and it looks very much like this. it looks like somebody said that a block of flats on a barge. and we the cabin upon the upper deck and had a huge bridge from which we could see everything. the point of this trip, was one of the leaders of the trip. we were going to the north pole. when you travel and as part of the world nbc bears off in the distance, as i said it's usually over there you see that white and moving. that's the bear. while this is somewhat closer. we had a bear that came this close to the ship and it was right alongside the ship. this will give you an idea,
CSPAN
Jan 31, 2010 8:00am EST
divide the opposition and cannot be awakening to attack al qaeda instead of the united states. this same strategy of dividing the opposition has actually worked before to win counterinsurgency campaigns. there have been very few counterinsurgency campaigns that have been successful in the 20th century, but the defeat of the philippine rebels after the spanish-american war at the turn of the last century, the u.s. backed greek governments defeat of the guerrillas in 1947, and the british defeated the chinese insurgency in the 1950s, all of those have the same thing in common, that they split the opposition. however, in iraq the ethnosectarian fishers are still great. and i don't think the show is over yet. in my book, "partitioning for peace," which is on, what to do about iraq, i go through so the other ethnocentric conflict in world history and find a violent sometimes as the usually always returns unless the underlying issues have been resolved, which they have in iraq. they don't have an oil law which is their bread and butter commodity so you can see the level of disagreement in
CSPAN
Jan 10, 2010 12:30am EST
. >> here is a question. the drugs are a huge problem here in the united states. could you discuss dee dee to discuss how drug addiction was dealt with in the people's republic of china during the socialist period? >> when i was in college almost every year somewhat come to talk about the drug issues. fighting the war in latin america and i raise the question to the other scholars if you are serious about getting rid of drugs then we need socialism. [laughter] [applause] royte? we do. why people use drugs. people have mental problems sometimes. too much stress in their lives. they worry about losing their job, they worry about their children getting middelkerke. the wording about losing their care, and this system solved all the problems, the workers during a certain type to the eckert time had a lifelong security. they never needed to worry about losing their jobs. the factory, the work consider their own factory. when my father would tell me my father was sick in the 70's. he has a breathing problem, so when he called he was breathing very hard. on the chinese new year the chinese societ
CSPAN
Jan 2, 2010 10:00am EST
united states go to war at a time when that was not a popular position in the country at large and not a popular position in the american left either. for reasons already cited. for the group of people surrounding ingersoll, the creator of the paper, this was a unique opportunity to express themselves artistically and to express themselves politically in this crusading anti fascist journal. later i can tell you about some of the crusades the paper went on leading up to the war and after the united states got involved. that general total commitment to anti fascism as being the most important political stance of the time was what made p.m. and unique place to be. >> paul's marvelous book here is based on his ph.d. but in spite of that, one would expect it to be not as entertaining or well written as is. he has gone against the usual rules of academia. it is a marvelous read and did does explain this -- ingersoll had started out with life magazine and fortune, a paper aimed at big business and before that he had been at the new yorker. he was a yale man who was used to going to all th
CSPAN
Jan 24, 2010 3:00pm EST
in the united states are forced. >> talking about the danger these men went through flying into and out of berlin with a feathery corridors into berlin, one in the north and one in the south and then the central one a range as the return. but one of the things -- i wonder if you could describe the conditions of landing at the temple of the airport in the center of berlin. >> temple of the airport for any of you who have seen it one of the most extraordinary places in the world in the first place on one side is a building. it's done in nazi gothic, it was the largest building in the world three-quarters of a mile long looped around with seven levels, there were hospitals complain factories down into the ground. they had more floor space than any building in the world until the pentagon was finished. on the other side of this goal, very pretty, the other side of this grass bowl six and seven story apartment buildings and they couldn't be torn down, not in a city that had lost 80% of its housing, so the planes had to come into this grass airstrip with metal bats, we put down metal mats
CSPAN
Jan 17, 2010 7:00am EST
think forward about the future not only of the united states but the world. we see this more of a discussion of herman kahn's work with you in the audience and so it's designed to introduce and allow a platform for that discussion. and again, herman talked about many other things and was one of those people who was larger than life and was an impressive figure, worked with people, influenced many people, some in this room. he was larger in life in more than one way. and, in fact, his kind of love of life probably shortened his life. he died at a much to young of age. but again he certainly had great consequence for the world. we should all be grateful for his life and what he contributed. let me also introduce -- to not bankrupt the discussio-- let mee gary schmitt, and who's a friend for a long, long time. we're grateful for him being here. it's a former director on the senate select committee. he was executive of the president advisory's board during president reagan's second term. affair -- his work is focused on long-term strategic interest and american security. he's written
CSPAN
Jan 24, 2010 11:00am EST
stored there at one time. as far as crossing the stuff in the united states they were arrangements. people that is u.s. custom agents and immigration officers were paid off at the international bridges. in the federales colony i told them i was just the meat of the house but they noticed i was wearing a rainy pair of converse vanishes and retorted, why are you wearing new converse? we're going to torture you with electric shocks on everything else. so they took me to jail. i was 17 at the time. and that sort of a story about how people get involved in the drug trafficking business at an early age to make money and they're exposed to these amazing circumstances, huge amounts of drugs, heavily armed people in a very dangerous lifestyle. so this is my friend. >> as a journalist and an anthropologist, i really appreciate the power of a story in this book is full of stories. which makes it extremely rich in detail. i wonder if you can tell us sort out some of the most icing findings that you gleaned from speaking both to drug traffickers and drug agents or something you didn't expect or
CSPAN
Jan 24, 2010 9:00am EST
association of the united states army presented to him two years ago the george catlin marshal award. so here to describe that life story is my friend, lieutenant general julius becton. [applause] >> jack, thank you very much. as you may remember, sir, we always -- we sometimes had difference of opinion. but you were the boss. that's right. and it worked out ok. don, it's always good seeing you and thank you for letting me come to your facility and frankly, as i look around, i didn't realize that i would know so many people from past experiences. let me start by giving a brief comment about my background to set the stage, so to speak. my father was a januar janitor,y mother was a domestic worker. they had third and tenth grade education, respectively. my wife's patients were similarly -- had similar backgrounds. but the two of us started working together with a lot of help from a lot of friends, reached the heighth in our world of academics, politics, military, and society. this autobiography, was initially decide for our grandchildren and our great grandchildren with the simple mess
CSPAN
Jan 4, 2010 6:45am EST
the united states, for the first 100 years of this country, no corporation could get a charter unless it could prove it serve the public interest. charters only ran on average 14 years and then you had to go back and prove you it serve the public interest to get another charter. that all changed in the late 1800s when the supreme court decided that corporations had all the legal rights of individuals. and without any of the responsibilities. since then we've kind of been going downhill a lot with the few times we've gone up, but then keynes came into picture and he said government has to play an important role here. there is a very important role for government and part of it is to rein in businesses and make them compassionate. and didn't milton friedman on chicago school said no. should be no compassionate business is not about compassion. its only responsibility is making profits. that's it. and reagan embraced that, big time. and every president has said, including clinton and it appears obama is or at least his advisors. i think it's really, really time we understood that
CSPAN
Jan 24, 2010 6:30am EST
apprehension or killing of terrorists. we have a program in the united states in which large bounties are paid for the apprehension or killing of people who kill a few dozen americans. why shouldn't we have one for people who kill tens of thousands or hundreds of thousands or millions. we should put bounties, large bounties on their heads. $10 million for a leader. a million for a cabinet member. how many dictators or lower -- or high level subordinates could even be sure that their own bodyguard wouldn't turn on them for such rewards? how many of them could ever feel safe? could ever go to asleep without wondering whether they wake up in the morning. no political leader wants to be wanted dead or alive. this would put -- give them great pause. and i think would no doubt stop many genocidal killers from ever -- or eliminationist leaders from ever making the decision to opt for such policies. we should make a second credible thought. we should do what nato did in bosnia, three years too late which is bomb the military forces and installations of the perpetrating state. much of these di
CSPAN
Jan 16, 2010 11:00pm EST
foreign policy. casey was wrong. at that time, the united states was also claiming repeatedly that soviet union was developing its own missile defense program, its own strategic defense initiative. paul nitzan gave a speech in july saying of the soviets, clearly they see the potential applications ford vance defensive technologies, otherwise there would not be investing so much effort in so many resources in this area. and of course we had some good propaganda of our own in a number of glossy reports which were issued by the pentagon and state department. we show the soviets have a laser reaching up to satellite. this pencil drawing appeared at least four times and pentagon and state department brochures, but this laser shooting at these guys did not exist. in fact the soviets at one time wanted to build such a laser but after years of trying they had failed. this is the state of our knowledge of corporate job. what really was going on? what really was happening was quite different. within three months of taking office, all the top designers and constrictors and the military space
CSPAN
Jan 1, 2010 12:30pm EST
in the united states, so that theme certainly resonated throughout this book and resonated with so many of us. women wrote about -- you know, we are very spiritual people. and prayer is very important. and many women wrote to say that they are praying for the obamas, certainly for the safety of the obamas, the well-being of the obamas. and prayer is very important. and that they want michelle to know that we pray for you. we're praying for you you. we'll continue to pray for you and for your safety. and while no one mentions the a-word in terms of president obama we all know it's in the back of our minds and so those prayers and those well wishes are expressed as well. and women talked about the ancestors. as peggy said the historical role that we have played in this country to have the ancestors looking down on the obamas smiling because now we have a black family that's walking into the front door of the white house that was built by who? the slaves who couldn't only come in through the back doors. and so again i think that the expressions and the themes that resonate within thes
CSPAN
Jan 2, 2010 5:00pm EST
rules don't apply here. the case index for the united states is available from 1990 annually and the case should other index between the year 2000 to 2006 rose by more than a had in the preceding 100 years. something was bound to end badly and so right now as we speak on a am sure that there are new baubles being created, not here, not get, but new bubbles are being created right now -- i don't know if you've heard this but this has to be one of my favorites. it's more money has been lost searching for yields than at the point of a gun. and the search for yield right now with u.s. interest rates close to cero, the search for the yields is going into emerging markets right now as we speak. and so, now it's conceivable that many of those countries will say no this happens at the united states. it doesn't happen here. it is human nature. in reviewing this massive amount of data one of the conclusions we come to is it is a very human delusion if you will that those rules don't apply to us. we don't see any exceptions to the rules. if you look across regions and across time you will find
CSPAN
Jan 17, 2010 11:00pm EST
of united states government for a don't know what it's called, international -- what is it called? it just was so amazing in the time -- it's hard to describe that how it looks to the outsider when i talk about 1968 everything changed. but this was somehow gradual shift from let's say early 60's, and i remember it was so amazing to see to louis armstrong, elephants durham, a this was all these concerts -- even the beach blaze it was the cultural organization of united states command which was sending out. there was cunningham who came with robert rauschenberg. there was exhibition of american graphic arts which a great deal of influence i'm still trying to get a great deal of. in fact, it was so exquisite what was coming that i have for years thought about america as this amazing country where people musicians walk in the streets and people and beautiful paintings. today i have problems still sometimes i was a pious a life of louis armstrong lived in the house in queens. i thought he has a castle like a big hero. for me it is still somehow very difficult to find out not everybody like
CSPAN
Jan 16, 2010 8:00pm EST
that will help them deal with that. in terms of the question about influencing, the united states influencing to afghanistan's leaders are, there is actually a lot of this going on already end of the top two the americans who have worked over there with the police for example which has horrific leadership problems there have been terrible afghan police chiefs who are corrupter didn't know what they were doing and we have gone to the afghans and said, this guy really needs to go. now, we haven't always twisted their arms and fortunately one of the good things that has happened lately in afghanistan is they have got a new interior minister who came in last year who has been very cooperative with the soap most cases when he assembled we will go to him and say so-and-so is corrupt, so-and-so is allowing his troops to rape young boys. he will get them out of there. now there are still exceptions, if someone is a relative of karzai then things become problematic. we like to think we are going to defer to the host nation's judgement but sometimes we have got to have a role in the same thing goes too
CSPAN
Jan 1, 2010 6:35pm EST
have peace. >> very well. thank you so much. >> thanks. >> well, the united states holocaust museum has undertake an research project and it is in book form. this is volume one of the research project. jeff is the manager what is the this project? >> all the different camps and ghettos the germans during nazi period and all of their allies ran. >> and how many have you found? >> we we have found well, within the volumes we're going to have about 20,000. >> 20,000 camps. were you surprised at the number? >> yes we were. >> why? >> when i came on board in 2000. the people who had created the project. historians themselves had estimated there were about 5 thousand tow to 7,000 sites we would be looking at. this turned out to be one of those instances in which a lot of different people around the world had been doing research in their own little corners and nobody had ever put the numbers together. so when we started looking through secondary sources and contacting historians and finding out about the different categories of camps the numbers started to build and within three to four ye
CSPAN
Jan 23, 2010 9:00pm EST
destroy the united states. if a bomb goes off in peoria obvious columbus, ohio, that'd be a bad thing. but the idea of the rest of the country would fall apart, everybody starves to death or something strikes me as ridiculous kind of exaggeration. these people are never questioned about that. as this kind of hyperventilating has been taking place now for decades. i'm trying to -- i tried to put that into context. i do want to stress that nuclear weapons are terrible. they can kill lots of people. it's just that one bomb like that isn't the end of the planet. and we'd had years and years of that. okay. let me talk a little bit about the exstraplation that's gone beyond that. not only to nuclear weapons, but now they are in a new category as wepons of mass destruction. these are -- the phrase has been around for quite a long period of time. but it only got really inflated and became very common in the 1990s, basically in the first bush administration and in the clinton administration. so what has happened is the nuclear weapons which definitely are wepons of mass destruction was in ther
CSPAN
Jan 1, 2010 10:30am EST
go next? >> we go one block away. >> how did we get prohibition in the united states? >> prohibition will start actually in jangly 16, 1920, once the 18th amendment was ratified. but it was actually part of a century long movement to ban on-call in this country. that movement was called the temperance movement. the idea behind their temperance meant to moderate one striking, but by the 1820s, the movement decided that people have to abstain for political on-call. this was led by evangelical protestant churches starting in the 18 teams and they believe that alcohol was simple, it was wrong. they called it demon rum. associate alcohol with a double. and therefore, everybody had to stop ringing altogether. this movement lasted a century long. their idea was to clean up and sober up american society and eventually end up with a decent middle class, largely white-based protestant american society. and ultimately they got their way in prohibition itself. which was a constitutional amendment, 18th amendment, to ban alcohol in america, and that went into effect in 1920. prohibition lasted on
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